مقاله تخصصی شیمی روش تشخیص یون آمونیوم در نمونه های آب محیطی از طریق کروماتوگرافی پتانسیومتری-یونی متوالی دانلود کنید. یک روش تجزیه ای برای تشخیص یون آمونیوم(+NH4) در آب های محیطی از طریق کروماتوگرافی یون پتانسیومتری (IC) به صورت پشت سر هم در اینجا ارائه شده است.
An analytical methodology for detecting ammonium ion (NH4+) in environmental water through potentiometry–ion chromatography (IC) in tandem is presented here. A multielectrode flow cell is implemented as a potentiometric detector after chromatographic separation of cations in the sample. The electrodes are fabricated via miniaturized all-solid-state configuration, using a nonactin-based plasticized polymeric membrane as the sensing element. The overall analytical setup is based on an injection valve, column, traditional conductometric detector, and new potentiometric detector (in that order), permitting the characterization of the analytical performance of the potentiometric detector while validating the results. The limit of detection was found to be ca. 3 × 10–7 M NH4+ concentration after linearization of the potentiometric response, and intra- and interelectrode variations of <10% were observed. Importantly, interference from other cations was suppressed in the tandem potentiometry–IC, and thus, the NH4+ content in fresh- and seawater samples from different locations was successfully analyzed. This analytical technology demonstrated a great potential for the reliable monitoring of NH4+ at micromolar levels, in contrast to the conductivity detector and previously reported NH4+ potentiometric sensors functioning in batch mode or even coupled with IC. Additionally, the suitability of the potentiometric cell for selective multi-ion analysis in the same sample, i.e., Na+, NH4+, and K+ in water, has been proven.