کتاب کشف علم آرایشی و بهداشتی 2020

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دانلود کتاب کشف علم آرایشی و بهداشتی Discovering Cosmetic Science شامل شیمی و روش های سنتز و تولید مواد بهداشتی و آرایشی و فرمولاسیون از جمله رنگ مو، شوینده ها، کرم ها و انواع محصولات زیبایی است. کتاب توسط Stephen Barton نوشته شده و آیا میدانستید ویتامین E پرکاربردترین ماده فعال آرایشی در جهان است. با ضخامت فقط 1 میلی متر می تواند از پوست شما محافظت کند. قرن ها پیش کشف شده است، اکسیدهای آهن (بله، همان مواد شیمیایی زنگ زدگی) هنوز هم معمولاً از رنگدانه های غیر آلی در شالوده انواع مواد ها استفاده می شود. رژ لب یک ترکیب خوب از واکس ها، روغن ها و رنگ ها است که چوب را ثابت نگه می دارد و براق یکنواخت روی لب های شما می گذارد.

فهرست مطالب کتاب

  • Chapter 1 Introduction
  • Steve Barton, Allan Eastham, Amanda Isom, Denise McLaverty, Yi Ling
  • Soong and Rachael Polowyj
  • How Many Cosmetic Products Do You Use in the Day?
  • What Is a ‘Cosmetic’?
  • What Goes into a Cosmetic Product?
  • The Importance of the Identities and Structures of Chemical
  • Compounds
  • Organic and Inorganic Chemistry
  • Carbon Chains and Carbon Rings
  • The Importance of How Chemical Compounds Are Held Together
  • Did You Know That Some Ingredients in Cosmetic Products
  • Have an Electrical Charge?
  • Did You Know That Some Ingredients in Cosmetic Products
  • Have ‘Polarity’?
  • Did You Know That Some Compounds Are Held Together
  • More Strongly Than Others?
  • The Importance of How Chemical Compounds Fall Apart
  • Prepared to Read On?
  • References
  • Chapter 2 Clean Chemistry – The Science Behind Cleansing Products
  • Introduction to Surfactant Behaviour
  • So, What Makes Surfactants So Special?
  • How Does the Special Structure Affect How Surfactants Behave?
  • Why Isn’t Using Water Alone Enough to Clean Things
  • Experiment at Home
  • How Do Surfactants Create Foam?
  • How Do Surfactants Help to Clean Dirt Away?
  • Surfactants Used for Cleaning
  • Secondary Surfactants – Luxurious, Creamy Foams
  • Finishing Touches
  • Alternative Systems
  • Natural/Organic and Sustainability
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 3 Good Hair Day: The Science Behind Hair-care Products
  • Introduction
  • Hair Structure
  • Hair Diversity
  • The Living Follicle
  • Sebum and Hair Greasiness
  • Hair Damage
  • Hair Thinning and Hair Loss
  • Hair Greying
  • Shampoo Surfactant Bases
  • Shampoo Conditioning Systems
  • Hair Conditioners
  • Hair Styling
  • Straightening Treatments
  • Bringing It All Together4.1
  • References
  • Chapter 4 Oral Care – A Mouthful of Chemistry
  • Physiology of Teeth
  • Overview and Structure
  • Enamel and Dentine
  • Saliva
  • The Pellicle
  • When Good Mouths Go Bad
  • Plaque (aka Dental Biofilm)
  • Dental Calculus (aka Tartar)
  • Periodontal Disease (Gum Disease)
  • Tooth Decay (aka Dental Caries)
  • Tooth Wear (aka Dental Erosion)
  • Dentinal Hypersensitivity (aka ‘Sensitive Teeth’)
  • Tooth Stain and Whitening
  • Oral Malodour (Bad Breath)
  • Just What Are All These Ingredients in My Oral Care Product?
  • Overview
  • Fluoride
  • Abrasives
  • Anti-sensitivity
  • Stain Removal/Whitening
  • Anti-gingivitis
  • Calculus Control
  • Enamel Care
  • Other Ingredients
  • Mouthwash
  • How Are Claims for Oral Care Product Performance
  • Substantiated?
  • Conclusion
  • Further Reading5.1
  • References
  • Chapter 5 You Against the World! – The Science Behind Skin and Skincare
  • Products
  • Robin Parker, Nichola Roberts and Monique Burke
  • The Skin – What Exactly Does Our Skin Do?
  • Skin Deep – What Is Beneath the Surface?
  • We Are Not Alone – What’s On The Surface?
  • One Size Fits All? – All Skin Is Different
  • How and Why Does the Skin’s Appearance Change with Age?
  • Does Skin Vary from Individual to Individual?
  • Are There Differences Between Men’s and Women’s Skin?
  • Staying on the Surface – Do Cosmetic Ingredients Go into The Skin?
  • What Goes into Skincare Products and Why – Care and Protection for
  • Your Skin
  • How Do Cosmetics Make a Difference to Skin Appearance?
  • Moisturization – Where Chemistry Meets Biology
  • What Is the Difference Between Moisturization and
  • Hydration?
  • Which Ingredients Are Important in an Effective Skin
  • Moisturizer?
  • Emulsions – Better Together!
  • What Are Emulsifiers and Why Are They All Different?
  • How Can We Make Emulsions Stable for Several Years?
  • Touch and Texture – It’s Just A Feeling
  • What Is Rheology and Why Is It So Important in Skincare?
  • How Can We Control the Rheology and Skin Feel of
  • Cosmetic Creams?
  • By What Other Ways Can We Affect the Feel of Skincare
  • Formulas?
  • Different Types of Skincare Products
  • Why Do We Have Day and Night Moisturizers, and Are They Different?
  • Do Men Need Different Moisturizers to Women?
  • How Important Are Skincare Regimes and What Are the
  • Necessary Products?
  • Are the Skin Concerns for the Body the Same As Those for
  • the Face? – How Many Different Moisturizers Do We Need?
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 6 More Than a Smudge of Colour – The Science Behind Colour
  • Cosmetics
  • Claire Summers and Pauline Dubois
  • Why Does Something Appear Coloured?
  • How Can We Create Coloured Products?
  • Dyes
  • Why Pigments Are Crucial for Colour Cosmetics
  • Are Inorganic and Organic Pigments the Only Materials Used
  • to Create Colour?
  • Are Pigments Easy to Use?
  • How Do You Disperse Pigments?
  • Why the Texture of Cosmetic Formulations Is so Important
  • Foundations – Are They More Than Just Colour?
  • Powders – Simple Yet Surprisingly Complex
  • Lipsticks: More Than Lip Service
  • The Art of Colour Matching
  • Curl up and Dye?
  • Oxidation and pH
  • Natural Dyes
  • Temporary Hair Colourants
  • Conclusion
  • Further Reading
  • Chapter 7 Follow the Scent – The Science Behind the Fragrance in Products
  • Sources and Mechanism of Odour Formation
  • Mechanisms
  • Odour Recognition (Box 7.1)
  • Specialized Olfactory Sensory Neurons
  • Infinite Combinations
  • Smell and Emotions
  • The Message Carried by a Fragrance
  • Creating and Masking Odours
  • The Creative Process and the Teams Involved
  • The Construction of a Fragrance
  • Fragrance Families
  • Fragrances in Different Bases and Products
  • Covering Malodours
  • Stability: Why Do Fragrances Change Over Time?
  • Base Interaction
  • Stability
  • Essential Chemistry
  • How Were Aroma Chemicals Discovered?
  • Categories of Aroma Molecules
  • Extraction Methods
  • Expression
  • Distillation
  • Solvent Extraction
  • Developments in Scientific Research Methods to Analyse
  • Natural Scents
  • Conclusion
  • Further Reading
  • Chapter 8 The Inside Story – The Science Behind Active Ingredients
  • Vitamins
  • Where Do Vitamins Come From?
  • Oil-soluble Vitamins
  • Water-soluble Vitamins
  • Minerals
  • Other Vitamins
  • Peptides
  • Why Are Peptides Useful in Cosmetics?
  • How Are Peptides Named?
  • Discovering New Peptide Ingredients
  • Which Peptides Are Commonly Used?
  • Is It Just Hype?
  • Hydroxy Acids
  • Why Are Hydroxy Acids Useful in Cosmetics?
  • Hydroxy Acids in Peel Products
  • Using Products Containing AHAs
  • UV Filters: Protecting Products and the Skin/Hair
  • The Electromagnetic Spectrum
  • What Is Sun Protection Factor (SPF)?
  • How Does UVA Protection Differ from SPF?
  • How Do Sunscreen Products Work?
  • Product Innovation
  • Why Do Coloured Cosmetics Sometimes Contain UV Filters
  • Even If They Don’t Offer UV Protection?
  • The Hair Needs Protecting Too!
  • Antioxidants
  • What Is Oxidation?
  • How Do Antioxidants Work?
  • Antimicrobials
  • The Germs (Microorganisms) Around Us
  • Products Need Protecting – ‘Preserving’
  • What Happens if Cosmetics Are Not Preserved?
  • How Do Companies Know If Their Products Will Remain
  • Safe If They Become Contaminated?8.6.5
  • Antimicrobial Protection on the Skin
  • Natural Extracts
  • Producing Natural Extracts Using Stem Cells
  • Delivery Systems
  • Why and Where Are Delivery Systems Used?
  • Examples of Delivery Systems
  • Antiperspirant and Deodorant Effects
  • What Is the Difference Between an Antiperspirant and a
  • Deodorant?
  • Why Do Antiperspirants and Deodorants Come in Different
  • Formats?
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 9 Testing and More Testing – The Science Behind Keeping Your Skin
  • Safe and Healthy
  • Stephen Kirk
  • Cosmetic Products – How We Keep You and Your Skin Safe and
  • Healthy
  • Stability Testing – Making Sure a Product Is Fit for Purpose
  • Microbiological Testing – Will It Go Mouldy?
  • Chemical Stability – Will My Product Change Colour?
  • Period After Opening (PAO) and Shelf-life – How Long Will
  • It Be Okay to Use?
  • Safety Assessment of Cosmetic Ingredients and Finished Products –
  • Is My Chosen Product Going to Harm Me?
  • Hazard and Risk – The Tale of a Shark and the Swimmer
  • Identifying the Hazard Characteristics of a Cosmetic
  • Ingredient
  • Testing New Cosmetic Ingredients Using Non-animal
  • Alternative Methods
  • Product Claims – Will My Product Do What It Says on the Tin?
  • Sun Protection Testing – Will My Cream Protect Me from the
  • Harmful Effects of the Sun?9.5
  • Safety-related Claims Made on Some Products
  • Will Your Product Damage My Eyes or Make Them Sting?
  • Hypoallergenic – Exactly What Does This Mean?
  • Post-market Surveillance – the Customer’s Story of Using a Product
  • What Does All This Mean to Me?
  • Chapter 10 Myths and Scares – Science in Perspective
  • Are Cosmetics Tested on Animals?
  • European Union (EU)
  • Global Challenges
  • How Much Does the Skin Absorb?
  • Myth – 60% of Everything You Put on Your Skin Is Absorbed
  • Fact – Different Skin Types Have Different Barrier
  • Functionality
  • Should I Avoid Certain Ingredients?
  • Why Are Some Products Labelled As Being ‘Free-from’
  • Certain Ingredients?
  • Parabens
  • Sulfates
  • Silicones
  • How Do I Know That the Ingredients in the Products I Use
  • Are Safe?
  • Do Cosmetics Contain Hormone-disrupting Ingredients?
  • What Is the Difference Between Natural and Synthetic Ingredients?
  • Do Cosmetics Pollute the Oceans?
  • Do Cosmetics Contain Plastic Microbeads?
  • Are Cosmetics a Cause of Microplastics?
  • Why Is Plastic Packaging So Often Used to Package
  • Cosmetics?
  • Are Sunscreens Damaging to Coral?
  • Why Are Cosmetics So Important?
  • Having Confidence in Cosmetic Products

مشخصات کتاب

عنوان فارسی کتاب: کشف علم آرایشی و بهداشتی
نویسنده(ها): Stephen Barton, Allan Eastham, Amanda Isom
سال انتشار: 2020
زبان نوشتاری: انگلیسی
شابک: 9781782624721, 1782624724
تعداد صفحات: 402 صفحه
فرمت کتاب: PDF
حجم فایل فشرده: 4.34 مگابایت

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