دانلود کتاب شیمی هسته ای مدرن ویرایش 2 دوم Walter D. Loveland

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  • کتاب: Modern Nuclear Chemistry 2nd Edition
  • نویسنده: Walter D. Loveland, David J. Morrissey, Glenn T. Seaborg
  • ویرایش : 2
  • سال انتشار: 2017
  • تعداد صفحات: 739 صفحه
  • تعداد فصل ها: 20 فصل
  • حجم فایل فشرده: 16.4 مگابایت
  • فرمت کتاب: PDF

کتاب شیمی هسته ای مدرن ویرایش 2 دوم Modern Nuclear Chemistry, 2nd Edition تالیف و نوشته Walter D. Loveland, David J. Morrissey, Glenn T. Seaborg والتتر لولند از کتاب های مرجع و تخصصی رشته شیمی در گرایش شیمی هسته ای می باشد که مفاهیم و سر فصل های شیمی هسته ای را به طور کامل و جامع شرح و آموزش داده است.

 

مشخصات کتاب

  • عنوان انگلیسی:  Modern Nuclear Chemistry, 2nd Edition
  • عنوان فارسی :  کتاب شیمی هسته ای مدرن ویرایش 2 دوم
  • فرمت فایل:  PDF
  • حجم فایل فشرده:  16.4 مگابایت
  • ویرایش: 2
  • شابک: 9780470906736, 0470906731
  • سال انتشار:  2017
  • زبان نوشتاری: انگلیسی
  • نویسنده(ها):  Walter D. Loveland, David J. Morrissey, Glenn T. Seaborg
  • تعداد صفحات: 739 صفحه
  • تعداد فصل ها:  20  فصل
  • نحوه دریافت : دریافت فوری و آنی لینک دانلود فایل بعد از پرداخت

 

فهرست مطالب و عناوین فصل های کتاب

 

  • 1 Introductory Concepts 1
  • 1.1 Introduction 1
  • 1.2 The Excitement and Relevance of Nuclear Chemistry 2
  • 1.3 The Atom 3
  • 1.4 Atomic Processes 4
  • 1.5 The Nucleus: Nomenclature 7
  • 1.6 Properties of the Nucleus 8
  • 1.7 Survey of Nuclear Decay Types 9
  • 1.8 Modern Physical Concepts Needed in Nuclear Chemistry 12
  • Bibliography 21
  • 2 Nuclear Properties 25
  • 2.1 Nuclear Masses 25
  • 2.2 Terminology 28
  • 2.3 Binding Energy Per Nucleon 29
  • 2.4 Separation Energy Systematics 31
  • 2.5 Abundance Systematics 32
  • 2.6 Semiempirical Mass Equation 33
  • 2.7 Nuclear Sizes and Shapes 39
  • 2.8 Quantum Mechanical Properties 43
  • 2.9 Electric and Magnetic Moments 45
  • Problems 51
  • Bibliography 55
  • 3 Radioactive Decay Kinetics 57
  • 3.1 Basic Decay Equations 57
  • 3.2 Mixture of Two Independently Decaying Radionuclides 65
  • 3.3 Radioactive Decay Equilibrium 66
  • 3.4 Branching Decay 76
  • 3.5 Radiation Dosage 77
  • 3.6 Natural Radioactivity 79
  • 3.7 Radionuclide Dating 84
  • Problems 90
  • Bibliography 92
  • 4 Nuclear Meddicine 93
  • 4.1 Introduction 93
  • 4.2 Radiopharmaceuticals 94
  • 4.3 Imaging 96
  • 4.4 99Tcm 98
  • 4.5 PET 99
  • 4.6 Other imaging techniques 103
  • 4.7 Some Random Observations about the Physics of Imaging 104
  • 4.8 Therapy 108
  • Problems 110
  • Bibliography 112
  • 5 Particle Physics and the Nuclear Force 113
  • 5.1 Particle Physics 113
  • 5.2 The Nuclear Force 117
  • 5.3 Characteristics of the Strong Force 119
  • 5.4 Charge Independence of Nuclear Forces 120
  • Problems 124
  • Bibliography 124
  • 6 Nuclear Structure 125
  • 6.1 Introduction 125
  • 6.2 Nuclear Potentials 127
  • 6.3 Schematic Shell Model 129
  • 6.4 Independent Particle Model 141
  • 6.5 Collective Model 143
  • 6.6 Nilsson Model 149
  • 6.7 Fermi Gas Model 152
  • Problems 161
  • Bibliography 164
  • 7 ��-Decay 167
  • 7.1 Introduction 167
  • 7.2 Energetics of α Decay 169
  • 7.3 Theory of α Decay 173
  • 7.4 Hindrance Factors 182
  • 7.5 Heavy Particle Radioactivity 183
  • 7.6 Proton Radioactivity 185
  • Problems 186
  • Bibliography 188
  • 8 ��-Decay 191
  • 8.1 Introduction 191
  • 8.2 Neutrino Hypothesis 192
  • 8.3 Derivation of the Spectral Shape 196
  • 8.4 Kurie Plots 199
  • 8.5 β Decay Rate Constant 200
  • 8.6 Electron Capture Decay 206
  • 8.7 Parity Nonconservation 207
  • 8.8 Neutrinos Again 208
  • 8.9 β-Delayed Radioactivities 209
  • 8.10 Double β Decay 211
  • Problems 213
  • Bibliography 214
  • 9 ��-Ray Decay 217
  • 9.1 Introduction 217
  • 9.2 Energetics of γ-Ray Decay 218
  • 9.3 Classification of Decay Types 220
  • 9.4 Electromagnetic Transition Rates 223
  • 9.5 Internal Conversion 229
  • 9.6 Angular Correlations 232
  • 9.7 Mössbauer Effect 238
  • Problems 244
  • Bibliography 245
  • 10 Nuclear Reactions 247
  • 10.1 Introduction 247
  • 10.2 Energetics of Nuclear Reactions 248
  • 10.3 Reaction Types and Mechanisms 252
  • 10.4 Nuclear Reaction Cross Sections 253
  • 10.5 Reaction Observables 264
  • 10.6 Rutherford Scattering 264
  • 10.7 Elastic (Diffractive) Scattering 268
  • 10.8 Aside on the Optical Model 270
  • 10.9 Direct Reactions 271
  • 10.10 Compound Nuclear Reactions 273
  • 10.11 Photonuclear Reactions 279
  • 10.12 Heavy-Ion Reactions 281
  • 10.13 High-Energy Nuclear Reactions 291
  • Problems 298
  • Bibliography 302
  • 11 Fission 305
  • 11.1 Introduction 305
  • 11.2 Probability of Fission 308
  • 11.3 Dynamical Properties of Fission Fragments 323
  • 11.4 Fission Product Distributions 327
  • 11.5 Excitation Energy of Fission Fragments 334
  • Problems 337
  • Bibliography 338
  • 12 Nuclear Astrophysics 339
  • 12.1 Introduction 339
  • 12.2 Elemental and Isotopic Abundances 340
  • 12.3 Primordial Nucleosynthesis 343
  • 12.4 Thermonuclear Reaction Rates 351
  • 12.5 Stellar Nucleosynthesis 353
  • 12.6 Solar Neutrino Problem 366
  • 12.7 Synthesis of Li, Be, and B 373
  • Problems 375
  • Bibliography 376
  • 13 Reactors and Accelerators 379
  • 13.1 Introduction 379
  • 13.2 Nuclear Reactors 380
  • 13.3 Neutron Sources 391
  • 13.4 Neutron Generators 392
  • 13.5 Accelerators 393
  • 13.6 Charged-Particle Beam Transport and Analysis 410
  • 13.7 Radioactive Ion Beams 415
  • 13.8 Nuclear Weapons 421
  • Problems 425
  • Bibliography 427
  • 14 The Transuranium Elements 429
  • 14.1 Introduction 429
  • 14.2 Limits of Stability 429
  • 14.3 Element Synthesis 434
  • 14.4 History of Transuranium Element Discovery 437
  • 14.5 Superheavy Elements 449
  • 14.6 Chemistry of the Transuranium Elements 452
  • 14.7 Environmental Chemistry of the Transuranium Elements 461
  • Problems 468
  • Bibliography 469
  • 15 Nuclear Reactor Chemistry 473
  • 15.1 Introduction 473
  • 15.2 Fission Product Chemistry 475
  • 15.3 Radiochemistry of Uranium 478
  • 15.4 The Nuclear Fuel Cycle: The Front End 480
  • 15.5 The Nuclear Fuel Cycle: The Back End 488
  • 15.6 Radioactive Waste Disposal 493
  • 15.7 Chemistry of Operating Reactors 504
  • Problems 506
  • Bibliography 507
  • 16 Interaction of Radiation with Matter 509
  • 16.1 Introduction 509
  • 16.2 Heavy Charged Particles 512
  • 16.3 Electrons 526
  • 16.4 Electromagnetic Radiation 531
  • 16.5 Neutrons 540
  • 16.6 Radiation Exposure and Dosimetry 544
  • Problems 548
  • Bibliography 550
  • 17 Radiation Detectors 553
  • 17.1 Introduction 553
  • 17.2 Detectors Based on Collecting Ionization 556
  • 17.3 Scintillation Detectors 578
  • 17.4 Nuclear Track Detectors 584
  • 17.5 Neutron Detectors 585
  • 17.6 Nuclear Electronics and Data Collection 587
  • 17.7 Nuclear Statistics 589
  • Problems 599
  • Bibliography 600
  • 18 Nuclear Analytical Methods 603
  • 18.1 Introduction 603
  • 18.2 Activation Analysis 603
  • 18.3 PIXE 612
  • 18.4 Rutherford Backscattering 615
  • 18.5 Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) 619
  • 18.6 Other Mass Spectrometric Techniques 620
  • Problems 621
  • Bibliography 623
  • 19 Radiochemical Techniques 625
  • 19.1 Introduction 625
  • 19.2 Unique Aspects of Radiochemistry 626
  • 19.3 Availability of Radioactive Material 630
  • 19.4 Targetry 632
  • 19.5 Measuring Beam Intensity and Fluxes 637
  • 19.6 Recoils, Evaporation Residues, and Heavy Residues 639
  • 19.7 Radiochemical Separation Techniques 644
  • 19.8 Low-Level Measurement Techniques 653
  • Problems 659
  • Bibliography 660
  • 20 Nuclear Forensics 663
  • 20.1 Introduction 663
  • 20.2 Chronometry 670
  • 20.3 Nuclear Weapons and Their Debris 672
  • 20.4 Deducing Sources and Routes of Transmission 678
  • Problems 680
  • Bibliography 681
  • Appendix A: Fundamental Constants and Conversion Factors 683
  • Appendix B: Nuclear Wallet Cards 687
  • Appendix C: Periodic Table of the Elements 711
  • Appendix D: Alphabetical List of the Elements 713
  • Appendix E: Elements of Quantum Mechanics 715
  • Index 737

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