دانلود کتاب شیمی آلی: یک رویکرد مکانیسمی Penny Chaloner

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  • کتاب: Organic Chemistry: A Mechanistic Approach
  • نویسنده: Penny Chaloner
  • ویرایش : 1
  • سال انتشار: 2014
  • تعداد صفحات: 1272 صفحه
  • تعداد فصل ها: 26 فصل
  • حجم فایل فشرده: 20.4 مگابایت
  • فرمت کتاب: PDF

توضیحات

کتاب شیمی آلی یک رویکرد مکانیکی و مکانیسمی ویرایش 1 اول Organic Chemistry: A Mechanistic Approach نوشته و تالیف Penny Chaloner از کتاب های تخصصی و مرجع در زمینه آموزش و نوشتن مکانیسم واکنش های شیمی آلی که با رویکرد مکانیکی مکانیسم های شیمی آلی را مورد بررسی قرار می دهد.

ارائه روش متفاوت و جذاب تر برای آموزش و یادگیری، شیمی آلی: رویکرد مکانیسم شیمی آلی را بر اساس مکانیزم طبقه بندی می کند و نه از طریق گروه کاربردی. این کتاب درک مواد را با استفاده از حل مسئله، به جای صرفا نیاز به حفظ کردن، به ارمغان می آورد. متن به درک عمیق از اصول اساسی کمک می کند که می تواند به طیف وسیعی از مشکلات و سیستم ها اعمال شود. همچنین روش تفکر و تحلیل را آموزش می دهد که دانشجویان را در بسیاری از رشته های تحصیلی به خوبی می آموزد.

 

مشخصات کتاب

  • عنوان انگلیسی:  Organic Chemistry: A Mechanistic Approach
  • عنوان فارسی :  شیمی آلی: یک رودیکرد مکانیسمی
  • فرمت فایل:  PDF
  • حجم فایل فشرده:  20.4 مگابایت
  • ویرایش: 1
  • سال انتشار:  2014
  • زبان نوشتاری: انگلیسی
  • نویسنده(ها):  Penny Chaloner
  • تعداد صفحات: 1272 صفحه
  • تعداد فصل ها:  26  فصل
  • نحوه دریافت : دریافت فوری و آنی لینک دانلود فایل بعد از پرداخت

 

فهرست مطالب و عناوین فصل های کتاب

 

Review of Atomic and Molecular Structure
Introduction
Atomic and Molecular Structure
Bonding
Review Problems

Alkanes and Friends: Structure, Bonding, Properties, and Nomenclature

Introduction

Hybridization in Methane, Ammonia, and Water

Drawing Molecules

Introduction to Alkanes

Stability, Strain, and Properties of Alkanes and Cycloalkanes

Review Problems

Alkenes, Alkynes, and Aromatic Compounds

Alkenes

Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Alkynes: Hydrocarbons Containing Triple Bonds

Resonance

Review Problems

Heteroatom-Containing Functional Groups

Compounds Containing sp3 Nitrogen Atoms

Molecules Containing sp2 Nitrogen Atoms

Molecules with sp-Hybridized Nitrogen

Compounds Containing spOxygen

Compounds Containing sp2 Oxygen

Priorities in Nomenclature

Structure and Bonding in Some Highly Reactive Species

More Resonance

Review Problems

More Challenging Problems

Purification and Identification of Organic Compounds 1

Introduction

Purification of Organic Compounds

Mass Spectrometry

UV/Visible Spectroscopy

Infrared Spectroscopy

Review Problems

More Challenging Problems

Identification of Organic Compounds 2: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

Introduction

Chemical Shifts

Spin–Spin Coupling

Protons Attached to Oxygen and Nitrogen

13C NMR Spectroscopy

Review Problems

More Challenging Problems

Stereochemistry

Introduction

Conformations of Alkanes

Cycloalkanes

Chirality

Fischer Projections

Review Problems

More Challenging Problems

Introduction to Mechanism

Introduction

Studying Organic Reaction Mechanisms

Classification of Reactions

Acids and Bases

Tautomers: A Slight Digression

Writing Mechanisms Using Curly Arrows

Review Problems

More Challenging Problems

Nucleophilic Substitution at Saturated Carbon

Introduction

Mechanistic Types

Stereochemical Implications

Effect of Nucleophile

Effect of the Leaving Group

Effect of Substrate Structure

Effect of Solvents

Competing Reactions

Competition between SN1 and SN2 Processes

Applications and Scope of the Reaction

Neighboring Group Participation and Intramolecular Reactions

Review Problems

More Challenging Problems

Elimination Reactions

Introduction

Mechanisms

Stereochemistry

Regiochemistry

Effect of Substrate

Substitution versus Elimination

Carbocation Rearrangements

Examples and Applications

Elimination to Give Alkynes

Other Elimination Reactions

Review Problems

More Challenging Problems

Addition Reactions

Introduction

Electrophilic Reactions

Radical Addition Reactions

Multicenter Processes

Hydrogenation

Review Problems

More Challenging Problems

Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution

Introduction

Electrophiles

Orientation Effects

Reactions of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds

Heterocyclic Aromatic Compounds

Review Problems

More Challenging Problems

Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution and Synthesis of Aromatic Compounds

Introduction

Unimolecular Nucleophilic Substitution of Aromatic Compounds: The Reactions of Diazonium Salts

with Simple Nucleophiles

Azo Coupling Reactions

Nucleophilic Substitution of Aryl Halides, SN2Ar

Substitution of Haloheterocycles

Substitution via Benzyne and Related Intermediates

Reactions in Side Chains of Aromatic Compounds

Reduction of Benzene Rings

Carbon–Aryl Bond Formation

Aromatic Synthesis

Review Problems

More Challenging Problems

Addition to Carbon–Heteroatom Double Bonds

Introduction and Review

Mechanism of Addition Reactions

Reversible Addition Reactions

Irreversible Addition Reactions

Review Problems

More Challenging Problems

Substitution of Carbonyl Compounds: Carboxylic Acids and Their Derivatives

Introduction: Review of Nomenclature

Substitution Reaction

Oxygen Nucleophiles

Nitrogen Nucleophiles

Synthesis of Acid Chlorides

Hydride as Nucleophile

Carbon Nucleophiles

Review Problems

More Challenging Problems

Lipids and Carbohydrates

Introduction

Lipids

Carbohydrates

Review Problems

More Challenging Problems

Substitution α and β to Carbonyl Groups

Introduction

Formation of Enols and Enolates

Isomerizations Involving Enols and Enolates

Reactions of Enols and Enolates with Electrophiles

Two Useful Reactions of Nonenolizable Carbonyl Compounds

Reactions at the β-Position of α,β-Unsaturated Carbonyl Compounds and Other Electron-Poor Alkenes

Review Problems

More Challenging Problems

Rearrangement Reactions

Introduction

Migration to Electron-Deficient Carbon

Migration to Electron-Deficient Nitrogen

Migration to Electron-Deficient Oxygen: The Baeyer–Villiger Oxidation

Anionic Rearrangements

Neutral Rearrangements

Review Problems

More Challenging Problems

Synthesis 1: One-Group Disconnections

Introduction

Simple Disconnections and the Retrosynthetic Approach

One-Group Disconnections

Review Problems

More Challenging Problems

Synthesis 2: Two-Group Disconnections and Protecting Groups

Introduction to Two-Group Disconnections

1,2-Difunctionalized Compounds

1,3-Difunctionalized Compounds

1,4-Difunctionalized Compounds

1,5-Difunctionalized Compounds

Robinson Annulation

1,6-Difunctionalized Compounds

Pericyclic Disconnections

Protecting Group

Further Reading

Review Problems

More Challenging Problems

More Challenging Problems

Polymeric Materials

Introduction

Polymer Structures

Preparation of Addition or Chain-Growth Polymers

Preparation of Step-Reaction Polymers

Unusual Biopolymers

Review Problems

More Challenging Problems

Amines, Alkaloids, Amino Acids, Peptides, and Nucleic Acids

Synthesis of Amines

Alkaloids

Amino Acids

Peptides

Nucleic Acids

Review Problems

More Challenging Problems

Catalysis of Organic Reactions

Introduction

Catalysis by Acids and Bases

Lewis Acid Catalysis

Phase-Transfer Catalysis

Reactions Catalyzed by Metal Surfaces

Reactions Catalyzed by Transition Metal Complexes

Organocatalysis

Enzyme Catalysis

Review Problems

More Challenging Problems

Organic Chemistry in Industry

Introduction

Process Chemistry versus Research Chemistry

Pharmaceutical Industry

Agrochemicals

Dyes and Colorants

Review Problems

Further Reading

Organic Chemistry and the Environment

Introduction

Pesticides

Endocrine Disruptors

Chlorofluorocarbons and Their Replacements

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Plastics: Recycle, Degrade, or Burn?

Is “Green Chemistry” the Future?

Review Problems

Further Reading

Organic Chemistry in Forensic Science

Introduction

Drugs of Abuse

Poisons and Poisoning

Testing for Blood

Dyes, Inks, and Paper

Trace Evidence

Visualization of Fingerprints

Review Problems

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